The full text of the letter can be accessed with a free, registered Lancet account here. Institutions are listed below solely for identification purposes. Signatories sign in their individual capacity; the inclusion of an institution’s name does not constitute its endorsement of the letter.

Signatories to the letter hail from 26 different countries.

Alessio Aghemo; Professor of Gastroenterology, Humanitas University (Italy)

Matthew Akiyama; Associate Professor of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center (USA)

Mohammad Ali; Professor & Founder, National Liver Foundation of Bangladesh (Bangladesh)

Harvey Alter; Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2020; Scientist Emeritus, Transfusion Medicine Department, Bethesda (USA)

Ralf Bader; Professor of Philosophy, Université de Fribourg (Switzerland)

Justin R. Bailey; Associate Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

Yasemin Balaban; Professor of Medicine, University of Hacettepe, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology (Turkey)

Sayantan Banerjee; Associate Professor of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases and Deputy Medical Superintendent, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalyani (India)

Eleanor Barnes; Professor in Hepatology and Experimental Medicine, University of Oxford (UK)

Ralf Bartenschlager; Professor of Molecular Virology, Heidelberg University (Germany)

Thomas F. Baumert; Professor of Medicine, Inserm U1110, University of Strasbourg (France)

Marina Berenguer; La Fe University Hospital, Professor of Medicine, Ciberehd, IISLaFe (Spain)

Ajeet Singh Bhadoria; Associate Professor of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Rishikesh (India)

Mia Biondi; Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, York University (Canada)

Paolo Bonanni; Full Professor of Hygiene (Public Health), University of Florence (Italy)

Alcino Eduardo Bonella; Professor of Philosophy, Federal University of Uberlândia (Brazil)

Philip Bruggmann; Professor and Co-Head, Arud Centre for Addiction Medicine, Zuriche (Switzerland)

Julie Bruneau; Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Université de Montréal (Canada)

Rowena A. Bull; Associate Professor of Medicine, University of New South Wales (Australia)

Maia Butsashvili; Director, Health Research Union (Georgia)

Pedro Cahn; Scientific Director, Fundación Huésped (Argentina)

Arthur Caplan; Professor and Head, Division of Medical Ethics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine (USA)

Richard Y. Chappell; Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Miami (USA)

Francis Chisari; Professor Emeritus of Virology and Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute (USA)

Ray Chung; Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Director of Hepatology and Liver Center, Mass. General Hospital (USA)

Graham Cooke; Professor of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College London (UK)

Andrea Cox; Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

Olav Dalgard; Professor of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital and University of Oslo (Norway)

Doan Y. Dao; Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (USA)

Ara Darzi; Paul Hamlyn Chair of Surgery, Imperial College London (UK)

Douglas Dieterich; Professor of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Division of Liver Diseases; Director, Mount Sinai Health System Institute for Liver Medicine (USA)

John F. Dillon; Professor of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Division of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, University of Dundee (UK)

Gregory Dore; Professor and Head, Viral Hepatitis Clinical Research Program, Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales Sydney (Australia)

Joseph Doyle; Professor of Infectious Diseases, Monash University (Australia)

Heidi E. Drummer; Adjunct Professor, Co-Program Program Director Disease Elimination (Australia)

Anna Durbin; Professor, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

Geoffrey Dusheiko; Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University College London  (UK)

Jake D. Eberts; Communications Director, 1Day Sooner (USA)

Nir Eyal; Henry Rutgers Professor of Bioethics, Rutgers University (USA)

Jordan Feld; Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto; Interim Director, Toronto Centre for Liver Disease, R. Phelan Chair in Translational Liver Research (Canada)

Kyle Ferguson; Postdoctoral Fellow, Division of Medical Ethics, NYU Grossman School of Medicine (USA)

Robert Flisiak; Professor, Medical University of Bialystok, Poland, Director of Department of Infectious Diseases and Hepatology, President of Polish Association of Epidemiologists and Infectiologists, President of Central European Hepatologic Collaboration (Poland)

Xavier Forns; Senior Consultant in Liver Diseases, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona; Group Leader, CIBEREHD and IDIBAPS (Spain)

Graham R. Foster; Professor of Hepatology, Queen Mary University of London (UK)

Steven Foung; Professor, Pathology, Stanford University (USA)

Meital Gal-Tanamy; Associate Professor of Virology and Immunology, Bar-Ilan University (Israel)

Ed Gane; Professor of Medicine, University of Auckland (New Zealand)

Adam J. Gehring; Associate Professor of Immunology, University of Toronto (Canada)

Jacob George; Professor, University of Sydney (Australia)

Marc Ghany; Senior Investigator, Bethesda (USA)

Daniel Gilbert; Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, Harvard University (USA)

Kimberly Glaze; Director of Program Development, Harm Reduction Outreach Services (USA)

Kenneth W. Goodman; Professor and Director, Institute for Bioethics and Health Policy, University of Miami (USA)

Jason Grebely; Professor, The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales (Australia)

Saeed Hamid; Professor of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi (Pakistan)

Daniel M. Haybron; Vitali Chair in Philosophy, Saint Louis University (USA)

Richard Holton; Professor of Philosophy, University of Cambridge (UK)

Louis J. Ignarro; Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 1998; Professor Emeritus, Molecular & Medical Pharmacology, UCLA (USA)

Tamika Jackson; Regional Director of the HepConnect Initiative, National Harm Reduction Coalition (USA)

Dale Jamieson; Professor of Environmental Studies and Philosophy Emeritus, NYU (USA)

Jody Jollimore; Executive Director, CATIE (Canada)

Andrew Karaba; Assistant Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (USA)

Marina Klein; Professor of Medicine, Divisions of Infectious Diseases, McGill University Health Centre; Research Director, Chronic Viral Illness Service (Canada)

Georg Lauer; Associate Professor of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School (USA)

Mansun Law; Associated Professor, The Scripps Research Institute (USA)

Stanley M. Lemon; Professor of Medicine and Microbiology & Immunology, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (USA)

Jake Liang; Physician Scientist and Principal Investigator, Bethesda (USA)

Lin Liu; Medical Director of Hospital Medicine, St. Luke’s Hospital (USA)

Volker Lohmann; Professor of Virology (Germany)

Lung-Yi Loey Mak; Clinical Assistant Professor of The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)

Rui Tato Marinho; Medical Director of Centro Hospitalar Universitário Lisboa Norte (Portugal)

Abigail A. Marsh; Professor, Department of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Interdisciplinary Program in Cognitive Science, Georgetown University (USA)

Lesley Miller; Professor of Medicine, Emory University (USA)

Joshua Morrison; Founder, 1Day Sooner & Waitlist Zero (USA)

Francesco Negro; Emeritus Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva (Switzerland)

Bao-Vuong Nguyen; Applied Epidemiologist, Allegheny County Health Department (USA)

Kimberly Page; Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico (USA)

Kerry Paterson; CEO of Hepatitis SA (Australia)

Alisa Pedrana; Deputy Public Health Discipline, Burnet Institute (Australia)

Thomas Pietschmann; Director of the Institute of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, a joint venture between the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research and the Hannover Medical School (Germany)

Steven Pinker; Johnstone Professor of Psychology, Harvard University (USA)

Stanley Plotkin; Professor Emeritus, University of Pennsylvania Department of Pediatrics (USA)

Stuart C. Ray; Professor of Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Oncology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (USA)

Nancy Reau; Chief, Section of Hepatology, Rush University Medical Center (USA)

William M. Remak; Chair, International Association of Hepatitis Task Forces; President, California Hepatitis C Task Force; Founder, Global Immunization Action Network Team (GIANT) (USA)

Charles M. Rice; Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 2020; Professor and Head, Laboratory of Virology and Infectious Disease, The Rockefeller University (USA)

Ezequiel Ridruejo; Head, Hepatology Section, Department of Medicine, Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas Norberto Quirno “CEMIC” (Argentina)

Richard J. Roberts; Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, 1993; Chief Scientific Officer, New England Biolabs (USA)

Alvin Roth; Nobel Laureate in Economics, 2012; Professor of Economics, Stanford University (USA)

Nadine Rouphael; Professor of Medicine, Emory University (USA)

Rogier Sanders; Professor of Virology (The Netherlands/USA)

Russell Sandvold; Lead Care Coordinator – Hepatitis Education Project (USA)

Arthur Schafer; Professor and Founding Director, Centre for Professional and Applied Ethics, University of Manitoba (Canada)

Janke Schinkel; Assistant Professor in Clinical Virology (The Netherlands)

Wai-Kay Seto; Clinical Professor, Department of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)

Naglaa Shoukry; Professor, Departments of Medicine and of Microbiology and Immunology, Université de Montréal; Director, Laboratory of Liver Immunology, CRCHUM (Canada)

Peter Singer; Professor of Bioethics, Princeton University (USA/Australia)

Sunil S. Solomon; Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (USA)

Chris Somerville; Program Officer, Open Philanthropy (USA)

Mark W. Sonderup; Associate Professor, Division of Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town (South Africa)

Mark Sulkowski; Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

Kawsar Talaat; Associate Professor of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (USA)

Larry Temkin; Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, Rutgers University (USA)

Norah Terrault; Professor of Medicine & Division Chief, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Division of Gastrointestinal & Liver Diseases (USA)

Chloe Thio; Professor of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

David L. Thomas; Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (USA)

Alexander J. Thompson; Professor-Director of Gastroenterology, St. Vincent’s Hospital and the University of Melbourne (Australia)

Netanel Tzarum; Assistant Professor of Biochemistry, The Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Israel)

Marc van der Valk; Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases and Amsterdam Institute of Infection and Immunity (AII), Amsterdam University Medical Centers (The Netherlands)

Jennifer Van Gennip; Director, Action Hepatitis Canada (Canada)

Imam Waked; Professor of Medicine, National Liver Institute (Egypt)

Alec Walen; Distinguished Professor of Law and Philosophy, Rutgers University (USA)

Christopher Walker; Professor of Pediatrics and Director, Center for Vaccines and Immunity, Nationwide Children’s Hospital (USA)

Heiner Wedemeyer; Professor and Chairman, Dept. of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Infectious Diseases and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School (Germany)

Charles Weijer; Professor, Departments of Philosophy, Medicine, and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Western University (Canada)

Dan Wikler; Mary B. Saltonstall Professor of Ethics and Population Health, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health (USA)

Dominic Wilkinson; Professor of Medical Ethics, University of Oxford (UK)

Heather Youngs; Senior Program Officer, Open Philanthropy (USA)

Man-fung Yuen; Chair Professor, The University of Hong Kong, Department of Medicine (Hong Kong, China)

Barry Zack; CEO, Corrections & Health, The Bridging Group (USA)

Ekaterina Zinger; Focal point of the Coordinating Committee for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in the Russian Federation (Russia)